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Common Roofing Problems and How to Fix Them

Common Roofing Problems in Birmingham and How to Fix Them | Finishing Solutions LLC


Commercial properties, face unique challenges when it comes to maintaining their roofs. The combination of hot summers, occasional severe storms, and varying humidity levels can take a toll on even the most well-constructed roofs. At Finishing Solutions LLC, we understand the importance of maintaining a durable and reliable roof to protect your investment. In this comprehensive guide, we will explore common roofing problems faced by commercial buildings and provide practical solutions to address these issues. Our goal is to equip you with the knowledge needed to keep your roof in optimal condition, ensuring the safety and efficiency of your property.

Understanding Climate Impact on Roofing

Before delving into specific roofing problems, it’s important to understand how climate can affect commercial roofs. The region's weather patterns can lead to various issues that require regular attention and maintenance.

Understanding Birminham's Climate Impact Roofing | Finishing Solutions LLC

Hot Summers

Hot and humid summers, which can cause roofing materials to expand and contract. This thermal movement can lead to cracks, splits, and other forms of damage over time.

Storms and Heavy Rain

The area is also prone to severe storms and heavy rainfall, which can test the integrity of your roofing system. High winds, hail, and excessive rain can lead to leaks, punctures, and other types of damage.

Varying Humidity Levels

Humidity fluctuations can affect roofing materials, especially those not designed to handle moisture well. This can lead to mold growth, rot, and other moisture-related problems.

Common Roofing Problems and Their Solutions | Finishing Solutions LLC

Common Roofing Problems and Their Solutions

Now that we have a better understanding of how climate impacts roofing, let’s discuss some common roofing problems and practical solutions to address them.

1. Leaks and Moisture Damage

Problem: Leaks are one of the most common roofing issues. They can result from damaged shingles, cracked flashing, clogged gutters, or improper installation.


  • Regular Inspections: Schedule bi-annual inspections to identify and address potential leak sources early.

  • Proper Flashing Installation: Ensure that flashing around chimneys, vents, and skylights is correctly installed and maintained.

  • Gutter Maintenance: Keep gutters and downspouts clear of debris to prevent water buildup and overflow.

  • Prompt Repairs: Address any signs of water damage immediately to prevent further deterioration.

2. Punctures and Holes

Problem: Punctures and holes can occur due to various factors, including fallen branches, hail, or foot traffic. These can compromise the roof’s integrity and lead to leaks.


  • Protective Walkways: Install protective walkways on the roof to minimize damage from foot traffic.

  • Tree Maintenance: Regularly trim trees near the building to prevent branches from falling onto the roof.

  • Timely Repairs: Repair any punctures or holes promptly to prevent water ingress and further damage.

Blistering and Cracking | Finishing Solutions LLC

3. Blistering and Cracking

Problem: Blisters and cracks can form on the roof surface due to trapped moisture, improper installation, or aging materials. These defects can weaken the roofing material and lead to leaks.


  • Proper Ventilation: Ensure adequate ventilation to prevent moisture buildup under the roof membrane.

  • Quality Installation: Hire experienced professionals to install the roofing system correctly.

  • Regular Maintenance: Conduct regular inspections and maintenance to identify and repair blisters and cracks early.

4. Poor Installation

Problem: Improper installation is a significant cause of many roofing problems. It can result in leaks, poor insulation, and reduced lifespan of the roofing system.


  • Choose Experienced Contractors: Always hire reputable and experienced roofing contractors for installation.

  • Follow Manufacturer Guidelines: Ensure that the installation follows the manufacturer's specifications and guidelines.

  • Post-Installation Inspections: Conduct thorough inspections after installation to verify the quality of work.

Poor Installation Problem | Finishing Solutions LLC

5. Ponding Water

Problem: Flat roofs are particularly susceptible to ponding water, where water accumulates and does not drain properly. This can lead to leaks, structural damage, and the growth of algae and mold.


  • Improved Drainage Systems: Install additional drains or improve the existing drainage system to prevent water accumulation.

  • Tapered Insulation: Use tapered insulation to promote proper water runoff on flat roofs.

  • Regular Cleaning: Keep the roof surface clear of debris to ensure water can drain effectively.

6. Roof Shrinkage

Problem: Shrinkage occurs in roofing membranes such as EPDM and TPO, leading to pulled seams, cracks, and tears. This is often due to poor installation or exposure to extreme temperatures.


  • Proper Installation: Ensure that the roofing membrane is installed with the correct tension and adhered properly.

  • Regular Inspections: Monitor the roof for signs of shrinkage and address any issues promptly.

  • Quality Materials: Use high-quality roofing materials that are resistant to shrinkage and thermal movement.

7. Roof Blowing Off

Problem: High winds and storms can cause roofing materials to blow off, especially if they are not securely fastened. This leaves the roof vulnerable to leaks and further damage.


  • Secure Fastening: Use appropriate fasteners and techniques to secure roofing materials against high winds.

  • Edge Metal Installation: Properly install edge metals and termination bars to hold the roofing system in place.

  • Regular Inspections: Check the roof after severe weather events to ensure all materials are intact and secure.

Practical Solutions for Maintenance and Repair | Finishing Solutions LLC

Practical Solutions for Maintenance and Repair

To keep your commercial roof in top condition, it’s essential to implement a proactive maintenance and repair strategy. Here are some practical solutions to address common roofing problems effectively.

Regular Roof Inspections

Regular roof inspections are crucial for identifying potential issues before they escalate. Schedule inspections at least twice a year, and after any severe weather events. During inspections, look for signs of damage such as cracks, blisters, punctures, and leaks. Addressing these issues early can prevent costly repairs and extend the lifespan of your roof.

Preventative Maintenance Programs

Implementing a preventative maintenance program can help you stay ahead of potential problems. This includes regular cleaning, debris removal, gutter maintenance, and minor repairs. A well-maintained roof is less likely to develop serious issues, saving you money in the long run.

Quality Repairs and Replacements | Finishing Solutions LLC

Quality Repairs and Replacements

When repairs or replacements are necessary, always use high-quality materials and experienced contractors. Poor-quality repairs can lead to further damage and increased costs. At Finishing Solutions LLC, we ensure that all repairs and replacements are done to the highest standards, providing you with peace of mind and a durable roofing system.

Case Study 1: Resolving Leaks and Insulation Issues

Client: Retail Store

Problem: Frequent leaks and high energy costs due to poor insulation.

Solution: Finishing Solutions LLC conducted a thorough inspection and identified multiple leak points and areas with poor insulation. We repaired the leaks, installed new flashing, and added an additional layer of insulation. The result was a leak-free roof and a significant reduction in energy costs for the client.

Adressing Ponding Water on Flat Roof | Finishing Solutions LLC

Case Study 2: Addressing Ponding Water on Flat Roof

Client: Manufacturing Plant

Problem: Ponding water on the flat roof leading to leaks and algae growth.

Solution: Our team installed additional drains and used tapered insulation to promote proper water runoff. We also cleaned the roof surface and applied a reflective coating to prevent future algae growth. The client experienced no further issues with ponding water and noted an improvement in roof longevity.

Listicle: Top 5 Tips for Preventing Common Roofing Problems

  1. Schedule Regular Inspections: Regularly inspect your roof for signs of damage and address issues early.

  2. Maintain Gutters and Drains: Keep gutters and drains clear to prevent water buildup and leaks.

  3. Use Quality Materials: Invest in high-quality roofing materials that can withstand climate.

  4. Hire Experienced Contractors: Ensure that all installations and repairs are carried out by experienced professionals.

  5. Implement Preventative Maintenance: Regularly clean and maintain your roof to prevent common issues from developing.

Implement Preventive Maintenance | Finishing Solutions LLC


Maintaining a commercial roof, requires proactive attention and quality workmanship. By understanding common roofing problems and implementing practical solutions, you can ensure the longevity and efficiency of your roof. At Finishing Solutions LLC, we are committed to providing dependable, high-quality roofing services tailored to your needs. Whether you need regular maintenance, repairs, or a complete roof replacement, our team is here to help. Contact us today to learn more about how we can protect your investment with the best roofing solutions.


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